Các thuật ngữ trong hợp đồng thuê tàu

Các thuật ngữ trong hợp đồng thuê tàu

A
AA  Always Afloat
AAAA  Always Accessible Always Afloat
AARA  Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area
ABT  About
ADCOM  Address Commission
AFSPS  Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway)
AFFREIGHTMENT  The hiring of a ship in whole or part
AFT  At or towards the stern or rear of a ship
AGW  All Going Well
AHL  Australian Hold Ladders
ANTHAM  Antwerp-Hamburg Range
APS  Arrival Pilot Station
ARAG  Amsterdam-Rotterdam–Antwerp-Ghent Range
A/S  Alongside
ATDNSHINC  Any Time Day or Night Sundays and Holidays Included
ATUTC  Actual Times Used to Count
B
BAF  Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.
BALLAST  Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo.
BAREBOAT  Bareboat Charter Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only.
BBB  Before Breaking Bulk
BDI  Both Dates Inclusive
BENDS  Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)
BI  Both Inclusive
BIMCO  The Baltic and International Maritime Council
BL  Bale
BL  (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.
BM  Beam
BEAM  The maximum breadth of a ship
BOB  Bunker on Board
BOFFER  Best Offer
BROB  Bunkers Remaining on Board
BSS  Basis
BSS  Basis 1 Port to 1 Port
BT  Berth Terms
BUNDLING  This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is a very flexible description; a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 ton) fork lift truck.
BUNKERS  Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)
BWAD  Brackish Water Arrival Draft
C
CBM  Cubic Meter
CBFT  Cubic Feet
CFR  Cost and Freight
CHOPT  Charterers Option
CHTRS  Charterers
CIF  Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.
COA  Contract of Affreightment Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue ton for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages.
COACP  Contract of Affreightment Charter Party
COB  Close of Business
COD  Cash On Delivery
COGSA  Carriage of Goods by Sea Act
CONS  Consumption
COP  Custom Of Port
CP  Charter Party
CPD  Charterers Pay Dues
CPT  Carriage Paid To
CQD  Customary Quick Dispatch
CROB  Cargo Remaining on Board
CRN  Crane
CST  Centistoke
CTR  Container Fitted
D
DAPS  Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)
DDU  Delivered Duty unpaid.
DDP  Delivered Duty Paid.
DEM  Demurrage
DESP  Dispatch
DET  Detention
DHDATSBE  Dispatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends
DISCH  Discharge
DK  Deck
DLOSP  Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)
DO  Diesel Oil
DOLSP  Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)
DOP  Dropping Outward Pilot
DOT  Department of Transport
DNRSAOCLONL  Discountless and Non-Returnable Ship and/or Cargo Lost or Not Lost
DRAFT  Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.
DRK  Derrick
DUNNAGE  Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the forks of a lift truck may be inserted.
DWAT  Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.
E
EC  East Coast
EIU  Even if Used
ELVENT  Electric Ventilation
ETA  Estimated Time of Arrival
ETC  Estimated Time of Completion
ETD  Estimated Time of Departure
ETS  Estimated Time of Sailing
EXW  Ex Works
F
FAS  Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading.
FD  Free of Dispatch
FDD  Freight Demurrage Deadfreight
FDIS  Free Discharge
FEU  Forty foot container equivalency unit Standard 40′ Container
FHEX  Fridays/Holidays Excluded
FHINC  Fridays/Holidays Included
FILO  carrier pays for discharge costs.
FIO  Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the sea freight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading and discharging cargo.
FIOS  Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but includes stowage costs.
FIOT  Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming the leveling of bulk cargoes
FIOSLSD  Free In/Out Stowed, Lashed, Secured and Dunnaged. As per FIO, but includes cost of lashing securing and dunnaging cargo to Masters satisfaction.
FIOST  Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.
FIT  Free In Trimmed
FIW  Free In Wagon
FIXING  Chartering a Vessel
FLT  Full Liner Terms Shipowner pays to load and discharge the cargo
FMC  Federal Maritime Commission US government agency
FMS  6 feet
FO  Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO
FOB  Free on Board. Seller sees the goods “over the ship’s rail” on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer
FOFFER  Firm Offer
FOG  For Our Guidance
FOQ  Free On Quay
FOR  Free On Rail
FORCE  Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers due to events beyond their control.
FOT  Free On Truck
FOW  First Open Water
FOW  Free On Wharf
FREE  Free of discharge costs to Owners
FWAD  Fresh Water Arrival Draft
FWDD  Fresh Water Departure Draft
FYG  For Your Guidance
FYI  For Your Information
G
GA  General Average
GLS  Gearless
GNCN  Gencon a standard BIMCO charter party form
GN  Grain (capacity)
GO  Gas Oil
GRD  Geared
GRT  Gross Registered Tonnage
GSB  Good Safe Berth
GSP  Good Safe Port
GTEE  Guarantee
H
2H  Second Half
HA  Hatch
HDWTS  Half Dispatch Working Time Saved
HMS  Heavy Metal Scrap
HO  Hold
HW  High Water
I
IMDG  International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code
IMO  International Maritime Organization
IND  Indication
INTERMODAL  Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey.
ITF  International Transport Federation international body that regulates crewing of ships
IU  If Used
IUATUTC  If Used, Actual Time Used To Count
IUHATUTC  If Used, Half Actual Time Used To Count
IWL  Institute Warranty Limits
L
LANE  A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width.
LASH  To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.
LASH  Lighter Aboard Ship a vessel that loads small barges direct from the water
LAT  Latitude
LOA  Length Overall of the vessel
LOW  Last Open Water
LS  Lumpsum
LSD  Lashed Secured Dunnaged
LT  Liner Terms
LW  Low Water
LYCN  Laycan (Layday Canceling Date)
M
MB  Merchant Broker
MDO  Marine Diesel Oil
MIN/MAX  Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)
MOLCHOPT  More or Less Charterers Option
MOLOO  More or Less Owners Option
MT  Metric Ton (i.e. 1,000 kilos / 2204.6lbs)
M/V  Motor Vessel
N
NAABSA  Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground
NCB  National Cargo Bureau
NESTING  Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates.
NON-REVERSIBLE  (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.
NOR  Notice of Readiness
NRT  Net Registered Tonnage
NYPE  New York Produce Exchange
O
OO  Owners Option
OSH  Open Shelter Deck
OWS  Owners
P
PASTUS  Past Us
PC  Period of Charter
PCGO  Part Cargo
PCT  Percent
PDPR  Per Day Pro Rata
PERDIEM  By the Day
PHPD  Per Hatch Per Day
PRATIQUE  License or permission to use a port
R
RCVR  Receivers
REVERSIBLE  If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.
ROB  Remaining On Board
RT  Revenue Ton (i.e. 1.0 metric Ton or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever is greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.
S
SATPM  Saturday P.M.
SB  Safe Berth
SD  Single Decker
SEAFREIGHT  Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover any haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only.
SELFD  Self Discharging
SF  Stowage factor. Cubic space occupied by one ton (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo.
SHINC  Sundays/Holidays Included
SHEX  Sundays/Holidays Excluded
SKIDS  Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under cargo to enable fork lift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.
SL  Bale (capacity)
SOC  Shipper Owned Container
SOF  Statement Of Facts
SP  Safe Port
SRBL  Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading
SSHEX  Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded
SSHINC  Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included
(or (or SATSHINC)
STABILITY  It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all respects at all times. When cargo is loaded / discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel.
STARBOARD  Right side of a ship when facing the bow
STEM  Subject To Enough Merchandise (Availability of Cargo)
STERN  The aft part of a ship
SUB  Subject (to)
SUPERCARGO  Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.
SWAD  Salt Water Arrival Draft
SWDD  Salt Water Departure Draft
T
TC  Time Charter Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time
TEU  Twenty Foot Equivalency Unit Standard 20′ Container
TTL  Total
TW  Tween Decker
U
USC  Unless Sooner Commenced
UU  Unless Used
UUIUATUTC  Unless Used If Used Actual Time Used To Count
V
VPD  Vessel Pays Dues
W
WCCON  Whether Customs Cleared Or Not
WIBON  Whether In Berth Or Not
WIFPON  Whether In Free Pratique or not
WIPON  Whether In Port Or Not
WLTOHC  WLTOHC (distance) Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming
WOG  Without Guarantee
WPD  Weather Permitting Day
WWD  Weather Working Day
WRIC  Wire Rods In Coils
WWR  When, Where Ready
WWWW  Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon
Y
YAR  York Antwerp Rules

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